Celebrations and Saint’s Days

Medieval people celebrated formal feast days and onomastico (Saint’s days):
These two days are most important to my persona: Feast of St. George on May 5 (for my grandfather) and Mary Magdalene on July 22 (for myself).

Calculating Easter – Easter in the Medieval period was calculated against the Julian Calendar. In short Easter was calculated as the first full moon after the Vernal Equinox, March 21. The full moon that precedes Easter is called the Paschal moon. The Sunday after the Paschal full moon, the Paschal full moon may be between March 21 to April 18, thus the possible dates for Easter are from March 22 to April 25. The moons cycle repeats itself in relation to the days of the year repeats itself every 19 years thus if one were calculated then Easter could be calculated according to tables and this number was called the ‘Golden Number’.

 

Golden Number = Full Moon
1 =   5 April
2 =   25 March
3 =   13 April
4 =   2 April
5 =   22 March
6 =   10 April
7 =   30 March
8 =   18 April
9 =   7 April
10 = 27 March
12 =  15 April
12 =  4 April
13 =  24 March
14 =  12 April
15 =  1 April
16 =  21 March
17 =  9 April
18 =  29 March
19 =  17 April

Once Easter was known then other feast days could be determined:

Days Before Easter ~~~ Days after Easter
Septuagesima 63 ~~~ Rogation Sunday 35
Quinquagesima 49 ~~~ Ascension 39
Ash Wednesday 46 ~~~ Pentecost 49
Palm Sunday 7 ~~~ Trinity Sunday 56
Good Friday 2 ~~~ Corpus Christi 60

Lent – Lent is the 40 day period before Easter, not counting Sundays, the Eastern church does count them, starting Ash Wednesday.
Whitsun (Pentecost) Pentecost is also known as Whitsunday and is celebrated on the Sunday which falls on the 50th day after the Easter festival.The name Pentecost comes fom a Geek word which means ‘fiftieth’.
The feast of Christ the King is the Sunday on or after 20 November

Advent – begins on the 4th Sunday before Christmas and ends on 24th December at sundown

 

SAINTS DAY LIST 

Medieval Saints and Feast days are listed here as they would have been celebrated in the 14th Century. Dates were often given by the name of the event or feast day of a saint.

1 January – St Maelrhys, St Elvan & Mydwyn (2nd Century), Circumcision, The Solemnity of Mary
2 January – St Basil the Great of Aix, France (329-379), St Gregory of Nazianzen (329-389)
3 January – St Genevieve (Genovefe) of Paris (ca. 422-512)
4 January – St Simeon the Stylite (390-459)
5 January – St Julien, St Edward the Confessor, Twelfth Night, Vigil of Epiphany
6 January – St Peter of Canterbury (d. 607), St Hywyn (Ewwn, Owen) of Aberdaron, Gwynedd, Wales (d. 516), Epiphany
7 January – St Raymond of Pennafort (1175-1275), St Brannock of Braunton, England
8 January – St Wulsin of Westminster (d. 1002)
9 January – St Adrian of Canterbury (d. ca. 709), St Brihtwald (Berhtwald, Beorhtweald, Brihtwald) of Canterbury (d. 731)
10 January – St Paul (d. 342), Geraint of Wales (9th Century)
11 January – St Egwin of Worcester, St Brandan Of Ireland (5th Century)
12 January – St Benedict Biscop of Wearmouth (d. 690), St Distaff’s Day
13 January – St Hilary (Hilarii) of Poitiers (d. 368), St Erbin (Ervan, Ernie, Erbyn, Hermes) of Cornwall and Devon (5th Century), St Kentigern Mungo of Scotland (d. 603), St Elian of Cornwall, England (6th Century)
14 January – St Felix of Nola (d. 260), St Kentigern (ca. 516-601), St Deusdedit of Canterbury (d. 664)
15 January – St Ita (Deirdre and Mida) (d. ca. 570), St Blaithmaic of Ireland (d. 823), St Ceowulf of Nortumbria, England (d. 764)
16 January – St Honoratus of Aries, France (350-429), St Henry of Cocket Northumbria, England (d. 1127)
17 January – St Antony of Egypt (251-356), St Milburga of Wenlock (d. 715)
18 January – St Volusian of Tours (d. 496), St Ulfrid of England (d. 1028), St Day of Cornwall, England
19 January – St Canutus of Denmark (Canute IV, Knud) (d. 1086), St Wulstan (Wulfstan) of Worcester (1008-1095), St Branwallader of Jersey (6th Century)
20 January – St Fabian (d. 250)
21 January – St Agnes of Rome (d. ca. 305)
22 January – St Paschasius of Vienne, France (d. 312), St Brithwald of Ramsbury (d. 1045)
23 January – St Paul’s Day, St Ormond of St Maire (6th Century)
24 January – St Bertrand of Saint-Quentin (7th Century), St Cadoc (Docus, Cathmael, Cadvael, Cadfael) (d. 580)
25 January – St Amarinus of Clermont, France (d. 676), St Dwynwen of Brecknock, St Eochod (d. 697), St Dwynwen of Wales
26 January – St Eystein (d. 1168), St Margaret (1243-1271), St Alberic (d. 1109), St Paula (d. 404), St Robert of Newmister (1100-1159), St Conan (d. 648), St Thordgith (Theoregitha) of Barking, England (d. 960)
27 January – St Emerius (8th Century), St Gamo of Bretigny, France (8th Century), St Gilduin of Dol (d. 1077), St Julian of Le Mans (3rd Century)
28 January – St Cannera of Bantry, Ireland (d. 530), St Antilnus of Brantome, France (8th Century), St Thomas Aquinas (1226-1274)
29 January – St Gildas the Wise (d. ca. 576), St Blath (d. 523), St. Voloc (d.724)
30 January – St Aidan of Connaught (Edan, Modoc, Maedoc) (d. 626), St Adamnan of Coldingham (d. 680), St Madoes
31 January – St Aedh (Aiden) of Ferns

1 February – St Bridgit of Kildare (Brigid, Bride) (d. ca. 525), St Ignatius, St Crewanna of Crowan, Engalnd (d. 5th Century)
2 February – St Lawrence of Canterbury (d. 619), St Freock of Cornwall, England, Candlemas, Purification of Our Lady Mary, The Presentation of the Lord
3 February – St Blase (Blaise) (d. 316), St Margaret of England, St Werburga of Mercia (d. 785)
4 February – St Gilbert of Sempringham (ca. 1083-1189), St Modan (6th Century), St Aldate of Gloucester, England (d. 600)
5 February – St Agatha the virgin (d. 251)
6 February – St Dorothy (Dorothea) (ca. 313), St Amand of Poitou (584-676)
7 February – St Richard of Wessex, St Tressan (d. 550), St Augulus of London, England (d. 303)
8 February – St Elfleda of Whitby (Edifleda, Elfeda, Elgiva, or Ethelfieda) (d. 714), St Cuthman of Steyning, Sussex (d. 900)
9 February – St Apollonia (d. 249), St Eingan of Cumberland (6th Century)
10 February – St Scholastica of Plombaria (d. ca. 543), St Trumwin of Whitby, Yorkshire, England (d. 704)
11 February – St Benedict of Anian (c. 750-821), St Severinus (6th Century)
12 February – St Julian, St Ethelwald of Lindisfarne
13 February – St Ermengild of Ely (d. 700), St Dyfnog of Wales, St Huno of Ely (d.690), St Lezin of Angers (7th Century)
14 February – St Cyril and Methodius (9th Century), St Valentine
15 February – St Sigfrid of Sweden (d. 1045), St Quinidius of Vaison, France (d. 579), St Dochow of Cornwall, England (d. 473)
16 February – St Onesimus (d. 90), St Gilbert of Sempringham, England (12th Century)
17 February – St Loman (d. 450), St Finan of Lindisfarne (d. 661)
18 February – St Simeon (Simon) (d. ca. 106), St Angibert of Saint-Riquier, Picardy, France (d. 814), St Colman of Lindisfarne (d. 676)
19 February – St Odran (d. 452), St Valerius of Antibes (d. 450)
20 February – St Wulfric of Compton, England (d. 1154), St Eleutherius of Tournai (d. 532)
21 February – St Peter Damian (ca. 988-1072), St Avitus II of Clermont, France (d. 689), St Felix of Metz (2nd Century)
22 February – St Margaret of Cortona (1247-1297), St Elwin (6th Century), St Raynerius of Beaulieu, France (d. 967)
23 February – St Polycarp of Smyrna (d. 156), St Oswald of Worcester, St Boswell of Melrose, England (d. 661), St Jurmin of East Anglia, England (7th Century), St Milburga of Wenlock, Salop, Shropshire, England (d. 715)
24 February – St Pretextatus (6th Century), St Mathew (Matthias), Leap day (February 24 occurred twice)
25 February – St Ethelbert of Kent (d. 616), St Wallburgha of Devon, England (710-779)
26 February – St Porphyrius (ca. 353-420), St Victor of Champagne, France (d. 995), St Robert of Newmister, Nortumberland, England (1000-1159)
27 February – St Baldomerus of Lyons (d. 650)
28 February – St Oswald (d. 992), St Romanus of Condat (d. 460), St Ruellinus of Treguier, Brittany, France (6th Century)
29 February – (See 24th February) St Cassian (ca. 360-433)

1 March – St David of Menevia, Wales (d. 544), St Albinus of Tincilloc, Brittany, France (d. 550)
2 March – St Ceada (Chad) of Lichfield. England (d. 673), St Cynibild (7th Century), St Fergna of Iona (d. 637)
3 March – St Cunegundes (Kunegunde) (d. 1040), St Winwaloe (Winnal, Wonnow, Wynwallow, and Gwenno, Winwalloc) (6th Century), St Cele-Christ of Leinster, England (d. 728)
4 March – St Owen of Lastingham (d. 680), St Owen of Lastingham, England (d. 680)
5 March – St Piran of Padstow, Cornwall, St Caron of Tregaron, Wales, St Kieran of Ossory, Ireland
6 March – St Bilfrid of Lindisfarne (8th Century), St Cadroe (d. 976), St Kyneburga, Kyneswide and Tibba of Mercia (d. 680), St Balther of Lindisfarne (d. 756)
7 March – St Perpetua and Felicitas (d. 203), St Ardo of Aachen (d. 843), St Esterwine of Wearmouth (d.668)
8 March – St Felix of Dunwich, Suffolk, St Beoadh of Ardcarne, Ireland (d. 518)
9 March – St Bosa of York (d. 705), St Gregory of Nyssa (ca. 330-395)
10 March – St Kessag of Cashel, Ireland (d. 560)
11 March – St Sophronius (7th century), St Constantine of Cornwall
12 March – St Maximilian (d. 295), St Theophanes (d. 818), St Alphege of Winchester (d. 951)
13 March – St Euphrasia (380-410)
14 March – St Maud (Mathildis) d. 968), St Boniface Curitan of Ross, Scotland (d. 660)
15 March – St Zacharias (d. 752), Ides of March
16 March – St Abraham (d. ca. 360)
17 March – St Joseph of Arimathea (1st Century), St Patrick of Kilpatrick, Ireland, (d. 464)
18 March – St Cyril of Jerusalem (b. ca. 315-386), St Edward the Martyr of England (ca. 962-979)
19 March – St Joseph of Nazareth (1st Century)
20 March – St Cuthbert of Lindisfarne (d. 687), St Herbert of Derwentwater, England (d. 687), St Wulfran (d. 720)
21 March – St Basil of Ancyra (d. 362), St Enda ofIreland
22 March – St Ludger (743-809), St Trien of Killelga, Ireland (5th Century)
23 March – St Tutilo (d. ca. 915). St Ethelwald (Odilwald) of Fame Island, England
24 March – St Rupert (d. ca. 710), St Macartan of Clogher, Ireland, St Hildelitba (Hildilid, Hideltha) of Barking, England (d. 712)
25 March – St Zosimus of Syracuse (d. ca. 660), St Dismas, St Harold of Gloucester, England (d. 1168), St Robert of Bury St Edmunds (d. 1181), Start of the Year in England until the adoption of the Gregorian Calendar in 1752, Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary
26 March – St Alfwold of Sherborne, England (d. 1058), William of Norwich (d. 1144)
27 March – St Alkeld (Athilda) of Yorkshire, England (10th Century)
29 March – St Berthold of Limoges (d. 1195), St Mark
30 March – St Osburga of Coventry (d. 1018)
31 March – Saint Felicis, St Dominic

1 April – St Hugh of Greoble (1053-1132), St Walerics of Leuconay, France (d. 622), St Cellach of Iona (9th Century), Fool’s Day
2 April – St Basil (329-379), St Mary of Egypt (ca. 355-431)
3 April – St Agape of Evoriacum (d. 304), St Richard of Chichester (1197-1253)
4 April – St Isidore of Seville (d. 636), St Guier (Gwerir) of Cornwall, England
5 April – St Becan of Kill-Beggan, Westmeath, Ireland (6th Century), St Derferl-Gadarn of Lianderfel, Gwynedd, Wales (5th or 6th Century), St Ethelburga of Northumbria (d. 647)
6 April – St William of Eskill (ca. 1125-1203), St Brychan of Wales, St Ulehad of Anglesey, St Elstan of Winchester (d. 981)
7 April – St Brynach of Carn-Englyi, Gwynedd, Wales (5th Century), St Goran (Woronus) of Bodmin (6th Century)
9 April – St Waldetrudis (Waudru) (7th Century), St Madrun, St Hedda of Peterborough (d. 870) Martyrs of Croyland, England
10 April – St Fulbert (d. 1029), St Beocca of Surrey (d. 870), St Malchus of Ireland
11 April – St Guthlac (ca. 673-714), St Stanislas (1030-1079), St Machai of Bute
12 April – St Zeno (d. 380), St Wigbert (d. 690)
13 April – St Caradoc of Wales (d. 1124), St Gunioc of Scotland (d. 838)
14 April – St Lambert of Lyon (d, 688)
15 April – St Paternus of Wales (5th Century), St Ruadan of Ireland (d. 584)
16 April – St Magnus of Orkney (1075-1116), St Padarn, St Drogo of Sebourg, France (d. 1186)
17 April – St Stephen (d. 1134)
18 April – St Cogitosus of Kildare, Ireland (8th Century), St Gebuinus of Lyons. France (d. 1080)
19 April – St Elphege (Alphege) of Canterbury (953-1012)
20 April – St Agnes of Montpulciano (c. 1274-1317)
21 April – St Anselm of Canterbury (ca 1033-1109), St Beuno of Clynnog, Carnarvonshire (6th Century)
22 April – St Theodore of Sykeon (d. 613), St Arwald of the Isle of Wight (d. 686), St Authaire of La-Feste-sur-Jouarre, France (7th Century)
23 April – St George (ca. 303), St Felix of Vienne, France (d. 212)
24 April – St Mellitus of London (d. 624), St Egbert of Lindisfarne (8th Century), St Mark’s Eve
25 April – St Mark the Evangelist (1st Century), Cuckoo Day
26 April – St Riquier of Celles, France (d. 645)
27 April – St Zita (1212-1272), St Enoder (Cnydr, Keneder, Quidic) of Wales (6th Century), St Winewald of Beverley, England (d. 731)
28 April – St Cronan of Roscrea (d. 626)
29 April – St Hugh of Cluny (1024-1109), St Edmund, St Endellion of Cornwall (6th Century), St Ava of Dinart, St Wilfred the Younger of York (d. 744), St Endellion of Cornwall (6th Century)
30 April – St Erconwald of London, St Adjutor of Vernonsur-Seine (d. 1131), St Cynwal of Wales (6th Century)

1 May – St Philip and St James, St Asaph of Wales (d. 600), St Brieuc of Wales (d. 510), May Day
2 May – St Athanasius of Alexandra (ca. 296-373), St Ultan of Burgh Castle, England
3 May – St Philip (1st Century), St James the Less (d. 62), St Gluvias (Glywys) of Cornwall, England (6th Century), St Ethelwin of Lindsey, England (8th Century), St Ethelred of Bardney, England, Roodmass (Also 14 September)
4 May – Veneration of the Thorn
5 May – St Hilary (ca. 401-459), St Eadbert of Lindisfarne, St Hydroc of Lanhydroc, Cornwall, England (5th Century), St Echa of Crayk, England (d. 767)
6 May – St Petronax (d. ca. 747), St Eadbert (Edbert) of Lindisfarne (d. 698)
7 May – St John of Beverley (d. 721), St Liudhard (Liphard, Letard) of Canterbury (d. 600)
8 May – St Peter (d. 1174), vigil of the Assumption
9 May – St Pachomius (c. 292-348)
10 May – St Bede
11 May – St Walter of l’Esterp (d. 1070), St Tudy (Tegwin, Tudinus) of Brittany (5th Century)
12 May – St Etheihard (Aethelhard) of Canterbury, St Pancras of Rome
13 May – St Merewenna of Romsey (d. 970), St Abban of Abingdon, England
14 May – St John the Silent (ca. 482-559), St Engelmund of England (d. 739), St Matthias
15 May – St Dympna (7th Century), St Isidore the Farmer (ca. 1110-1170), St Mary, St Britwin of Beverley (d. 735)
16 May – St Carantoc (7th Century), St John Nepomucen (ca. 1330-1383), St Brendan, Octaves of the Assumption
17 May – St Madern (Maden, Madron) of Cornwall, England (6th Century), St Maiduif of Malmesbury, England
18 May – St Eric (d. 1151), St Merililaun of England (8th Century) , St Elgiva of Shaftesbury, England (d. 944)
19 May – St Dunstan of Canterbury (909-988)
20 May – St Ethelbert of East Anglia (d. 794), St Alucin of York (d. 804)
21 May – St Godric (1069-1170), St Gollen (Collen, Colan) of Llangollen, Wales (7th Century), St Helena
22 May – St Helene (Elen, Helen) of Carnarvon
23 May – St Julia (5th Century), St William of Rochester
24 May – St David of Scotland (ca. 1085-1153), St Mary
25 May – St Gregory VIII, Hildrebrand (ca. 1021-1085), St Aldhelm (Adelemus, Athelmas, Adelnie, Eadelhelm, Aedelhem) of Malmesbury, England (d. 709), Venerable Bede of Wearmouth, Jarrow, England
26 May – St Bede (673-735), St Augustine of Canterbury (d. 605)
27 May – St Augustine (d. 604)
28 May – St Germanus (ca. 378-448), St Augustine of Canterbury (d. 605), Lanfranc of Canterbury (d. 1089)
29 May – St Theodosia (9th Century)
30 May – St Ferdinand III (1199-1252), St Hubert (d. 727), St Walstan of Bawburgh, England (d. 1016)
31 May – St Winnow, Mancus and Mybrad of Cornwall, England (6th Century)

1 June – St Justin (d. 167), St Wistan of England (d. 850), St Ronan of Cornwall, England, St Candida
2 June – St Erasmus (d. ca. 300)
3 June – St Clotildis (d. 545)
4 June – St Optatus (4th Century), St Petroc of Padstow (6th Century), St Buriana of Buryan, St Breaca (Breque, Branca, Branka), of Cornwall, England (5th Century), St Walter of England (d. 1150)
5 June – St Boniface of Crediton (ca. 690-775)
6 June – St Norbert (1080-1134)
7 June – St Wulstan of Worcester, St Robert of Chichester, St Robert of Newminster, Northumberland, England (1100-1159), St Willibald of Wessex (d. 786)
8 June – St William (d. 1154), St Elphege, St Levan of Cornwall, England (6th Century), St Edgar the Peaceful of England (d. 975)
9 June – St Columba of Iona (521-597), St Ephraem of Syria (d. ca. 373), St Edmund of Canterbury
10 June –
11 June – St Barnabas the Apostle (1st Century)
12 June – St Basilidis
13 June – St Antony of Padua (1195-1231)
14 June – St Elgar of Bardsey, Wales (d. 1100)
15 June – St Vitus (4th Century), St Eadburga of Winchester (d. 960)
16 June – St Cyr of Quiricus (d. 304), St Julitta (d. 304)
17 June – St Botulf (d. 680), St Nectan (Nighton, Nectaran) of Hartland, Devon, England, St Briavel of the Forest of Dean, Gloucestershire, England, St Adulf of England (d. 680), St Joseph of Arimathea (1st Century)
18 June – St Mark (Marci) and St Marcellian
19 June – St Juliana Falconieri (1270-1340), St Romuald of Ravenna (ca. 950-1027), Feast of the Holy Martyrs Gervase and Prothasius
20 June – St Alban (d. 304), St Edward
21 June – St Maine of Saint-Meon, Brittany, France, Midsummer’s Eve
22 June – St Paulinus of Nola (d. 431), St Alban
23 June – St Aetheldreda (Audry, Etheidreda, Ethelreda) of Ely (d. 678), St Bartholomew of Fame, Nortumbria, England (d. 1193)
24 June – St John the Baptist (d. ca. 30), St Germoc of Ireland (6th Century)
25 June – St William of Vercelli (1085-1142)
26 June – St Anthelm (1107-1178)
27 June – St Cyril of Alexandra (d. 444)
28 June – St Irenaeus of Lyons (d. 202), St Austell of St Newman, England (6th Century)
29 June – St Martha (1st Century), St Peter (d. ca. 64)
30 June – St Paul (1st Century), St Airick of England (12th Century)

1 July – St Shenute (ca. 450), St Veep (Veepu, Wennapa) of Cornwall (6th Century), St Juthware of England (7th Century)
2 July – St Otto (d. 1139), St Gregory of Nazianzen (329-389), St Swithun of Winchester, The Visitation
3 July – St Thomas (1st Century)
4 July – St Elizabeth (1271-1336), Odo of Canterbury (d. 959)
5 July – St Fragan and Gwen of England (5th Century)
6 July – St Godelva (d. 1070), St Sexburga (679-700), St Merryn of Andresey, England
7 July – St Ethelberga (d. 665), St Palladius of Ireland (d. ca. 450), St Willibald (d. 786), St Hedda of St Hilda’s, St Thomas of Canterbury
8 July – St Edgar (943-975), St Withburga of East Anglia, England (d. 743), St Grimbald of New Minster, Winchester, England (d. 901)
9 July – St Everlid (Averil) of Wessex (7th Century)
10 July – St Secunda and Rufina (3rd and 4th Centuries), St Thurketyl (10th Century)
11 July – St Benedict of Nursia (ca. 480-543), St Turketil of Croyland, England (d. 975)
12 July – St John Gaulbert (999-1073), St Veronica (1st Century), Feast of the translation of St Thomas the Martyr
13 July – St Henry the Pious (972-1024)
14 July – St Deusdedit (d. 664)
15 July – St Bonaventure (1221-1274), St Vladimir (995-1015), St Swithin (Swithun) of Winchester, St Plechelm of Northumbria, England (d. 775), St Edith of Polesworth, England (10th Century)
16 July – St Osmond of Salisbury (1099)
17 July – St Alexis (d. 417), St Kenelm of Mercoa (d. 821)
18 July – St Elizabeth of Schonau (d. 1164), St Pambo of Nitria (315-385), St Edburga of Bicester (7th Century)
19 July – St Arsenius (d. 449), St Gregory of Nyssa (d. 394), St Macrina the Younger (ca. 327-379), St Margaret the Virgin and martyr
20 July – St Vulmar (d. ca. 700), St Etheidwitha (Ealsitha) of Winchester, St Margaret of Antioch (4th Century), St. Wilgefortis (11th Century)
21 July –
22 July – St Mary Magdalene (1st Century), St Agnes (d. ca. 305)
23 July – St Birgit (Bridget) (1302-1373)
24 July – St Christina the Astonishing (1150-1224), St Lupus (427-479), St Lewina of England (5th Century), St Menefrida of Tredresick, Cornwall, England (5th Century), St Wulfhade and Ruffinus of Mercia (7th Century)
25 July – St Christopher (3rd Century), St James Bar Zebedee the Great (d. 41)
26 July – St Anne, Mother of Mary (1st Century B.C.)
27 July – St Pantaleon (d. 303)
28 July – St Samson (d. 565)
29 July – St Martha (1st Century), St Olaf (995-1030), St Mary (1st Century), St Martha (1st Century), St Lazarus (1st Century)
30 July – St Abdon and Sennen (d. ca. 450), St Ermengytha of Minster, Isle of Thanet, England (d. 680), St Athelm of Canterbury (d. 923)
31 July – St Germanus Bishop of Auxerre (d. 446), St Neot of Glastobury, England (d. ca. 877).

1 August – St Ethelwold of Winchester (ca. 912-984), Lammas or Loaf-Mass, Feast of St Peter
2 August – St Eusebius (d. ca. 371), St Stephen (d. 257), St Alban , St Plegimund of Canterbury (d. 914), St Alfreda (Afreda, Alfritha, Aelfnryth, Ethelreda) of Mercia, England (d. 795)
3 August – St Walthof (d. ca. 1160)
4 August –
5 August – St Oswald (604-642)
6 August – St Sixtus (d. 258), The Transfiguration of the Lord
8 August – St Dominic (1170-1221), St Ellidius (Illog) of Himant, Powys, Wales (7th Century)
9 August – St Oswald (604-642), St Romanus Ostiarius (d. 258)
10 August – St Laurence of Rome (d. 258)
11 August – St Susanna (d. ca. 295)
12 August – St Clare (1193-1253), St Thomas (Thomas Hales) of Dover (d. 1295), St Merewenna (Merwenna, Merwinna) of Marharm, Cornwall, England, St James of Canterbury (d. 792), St Just of Cornwall, England
13 August – St Hippolytus (d. ca. 252), St Radegund (518-587), St Ust (Justus) of St Just, Cornwall, England
14 August – St Werenfrid of England (d. 760)
15 August – Our Lady St Mary the Blessed, The Assumption of Mary
16 August – St Stephen of Hungary (977-1038), St Armagillus of Wales (d. 570)
17 August – St Hyacinth (1185-1257), St Clare of Montefalco (d. 1308), St James the Deacon of Northumbria, England (d. 769), St Drithelm of Melrose, England (d. 700)
18 August – St Helena (d. 330), St Hugh the Little of Lincoln, England (d. 1255)
19 August – St Canutus (d. 1086), St Credn of Evesham, England (d. 780)
20 August – St Bernard of Clairvaux (1091-1153), St Edbert of York (d. 960)
22 August – St Symphorianus (d. ca. 200), St Ethelgitha of Nortumbria, England, St Arnulf of Eynesbury, England (9th Century)
23 August – St Ebba of Coldingham, England (d. 870)
24 August – St Bartholomew (1st Century), St Ouen (ca. 600-684)
25 August – St Ebbe (Ebba) (d. 683), St Louis (1215-1270)
26 August – St Zephryinus (d. 217), St Pantagathus (Pandonio, Pandwyna) (10th Century), St Bregwin of Canterbury (d. 764)
27 August – St Caesarius (ca. 470-542), St Monica (332-387), St Decuman (Dagan) of Somerset, England (d. 706)
28 August – St Augustine of Hippo (354-430), St Rumwald of Nortumbria, England (d. 650)
29 August – St Fergus (8th Century), St Aidan (d. 651), St Edwold of Cerne, Dorset (9th Century)
30 August – St Cuthburga, St Rumon (Ruan, Ronan, Ruadan) of Ireland
31 August – St Aidan of Lindisfarne (d. 651)

1 September – St Drithelm (d. ca. 700), St Giles of Provence (7th Century)
2 September – St William of Roskilde (d. ca. 1070)
3 September – St Gregory the Great of Rome (ca. 540-604), St Hereswitha of Northumbria, England (d. 690)
4 September – St Rose of Viterbo (d. 1252), St Cuthbert of Lindisfarne, St Birinus of Dorchester (d. 650)
5 September – St Quintin
6 September – St Bega (7th Century), St Augustine, St Felix and Augebert of England (7th Century)
7 September – St Cloud (ca. 522-560), St Sozon (4th Century), St Alcmund of Hexham, Northumberland, England (d. 781), St Tilbert of Hexham (d. 789)
8 September – St Adrian, The birth of Virgin Mary, Feast on Angevin
9 September – St Gorgonius
10 September – St Nicholas of Tolentino (ca. 1245- 1306), St Justus of Canterbury (d. 627), St Frithestan of Winchester, England (d. 933)
11 September – St Protus and Hyacinth
12 September – St Guy of Anderlect (d. ca. 1012), St Eanswida of Folkestone, Kent (d. 640)
13 September – St John Chrysostom of Constantinople (d. 407)
14 September – St Notburga (d. ca. 1313), Holy Cross Day, Holy Rood Day (Also 3rd May)
15 September – St Adam of Caithness (13th Century), St Merinus
16 September – St Cornelius (d. 253), St Ninian (d. 432), St Cyprian (200-258), St Edith of Winchester, St Edith of Wilton
17 September – St Hildegarde of Bingen (1098-1179), St Lambert (d. 709)
18 September – St Hygbald (Higbald, Hugbald, Hybald) of Lincolnshire, England
19 September – St Theodore of Canterbury (d. 690)
20 September – St Eustace (2nd Century)
21 September – St Matthew (1st Century), St Hieu of Tadcaster, Yorkshire, England
22 September – St Maurice (d. 226)
23 September – St Adamnan (ca. 624-704), St Thecla (Thekla) (1st Century), St Cissa of Nortumbria, England (7th Century)
24 September – St Gerard (d. 1046)
25 September – St Albert of Jerusalem (d. 1214), St Cosmas and Damian (ca. 303), St Caian of Tregaian, Anglesey, Wales (5th Century)
26 September – St Cyprian
27 September – St Sigebert (d. 635)
28 September – St Lioba (d. 782), St Wenceslas (d. 938), St Tetta of Wimborne, Dorset, England (d. 772)
29 September – The Mass of the Archangels Gabriel and Michael, Michaelmas
30 September – St Jerome (d. 420), St Honorius of Canterbury (d. 635)

1 October – St Bavo (d. 633), St Melorius (Mylor, Melar, Melorus) of Cornwall, St Remigius of Rheims (d. 533)
2 October – St Leger (ca. 616-679)
3 October – St Thomas Cantelupe of Hereford (1218-1282)
4 October – St Francis the confessor of Assisi (1181-1226), St Edwin
5 October – St Maurus (d. 584)
6 October – St Bruno (ca. 1030-1101), St Faith (3rd Century), St Ceollach of Mercia (7th Century)
7 October – St Ositha (Osyth, Sytha) of Mercia (d. 700)
8 October – St Keyne (Keyna or Cain) of Wales (5th Century), St Ywi of Lindisfarne (d. 690)
9 October – St Dionysius of Paris (Denys) (d. ca. 272), St Robert Grosseteste of Lincoln (d. 1253)
10 October – St Gereon (d. ca. 304), St Paulinus of York (584-644)
11 October – St Ethelburga of Barking, Essex, England (d. 675), St James (7th Century)
12 October – St Edwin of Northumbria (584-633), St Wilfrid of Ripon (d. 709)
13 October – St Edward the Confessor (1002-1066)
14 October – St Calixtus (Callistus) (d. 222), St Kentigern (ca. 516-601), St Manakus (Manaccus) of Holyhead, Wales
15 October – St Wulfram of Sens (d. 703)
16 October – St Hedwiges (d. 1243), St Gall (d. ca. 630), St Louthiem (Luchtighem) of St Ludgran, Cornwall, England
17 October – St Ignatius of Antioch (d. 107), St Ethelreda, St Ethelbert and Etheired of Eastery, Kent (d. 670)
18 October – St Luke (1st Century), St Gwen (Blanche, Wenn, Candida) of Talgrarth (5th Century), St Kevoca (Keyne, Keyna, Ceinwen) of Wales (5th Century)
19 October – St Frideswide of Oxford (680-735), St Oswald of Dorchester (d. 1016), St Eadnot of Dorchester (d. 1016), St Just (d. 616)
20 October – St Acca of St Andrew’s Hexam, England (d. 740)
21 October – St Hilarion (ca. 291-371), St Ursula ‘undecim milia virgines’ and 11 or 11,000 virgins (4th Century), St Tuda of Lindisfarne (d, 664)
22 October – St Donatus (d. 876)
23 October – St Severinus Boethius (ca. 480-524), St Clether of Wales (d. 520), St Elfeda of Glastonbury (d. 936), St. Romanus, Bishop of Rouen (d. 640)
24 October – St Senoch (6th Century), St Cadfarch of Wales (6th Century), St Maelor (6 Century)
25 October – St Crispin and St Cispinian of Rome (d. 287), St Remigius
26 October – St Cedd of Lastingham (d. 664), St Cuthbert of Canterbury (d. 758), St Alfred the Great (d. 899), St Eadfrid of Leominster (d. 675)
27 October – St Frumentius (4th Century)
28 October – St Simon the Zealot (1st Century), St Jude (1st Century), St Eadsin of Canterbury (d. 1050)
29 October – St Narcissus (2nd Century), St Elfeda of Ramsey, England)
30 October – St Marcellus (d. 298), St Arilda of Gloucestershire, England, St Ethelnoth of Canterbury (11th Century)
31 October – St Quentin or Quintinus (d.287), St Wolfgang (ca. 930-994), St Erth of Cornwall (6th Century)

1 November – All Saint’s Day
2 November – St Victorinus (d. ca. 303), All Soul’s Day
3 November – St Malachy (d. 1148), St Winefride (seventh century)
4 November – St Vitalis (3rd Century), St Birrstan (Birnstan, Brynstan) of Winchester, England (d. 934), St Clarus of Eochester, England
5 November – St Bertrille (d. 692)
6 November – St Leonard (6th Century), St Pinnock of Cornwall, St Leonard of Reresby, Yorkshire, England (13th Century)
7 November – St Willibrord of York (ca. 658-739), St Cumgar of Devon, England (6/8th Century)
8 November – St Cybi (Cuby, Kabius) of Cornwall, England (6th Century), St Willehad of Borthumbria, England (d. 789)
9 November – St Theodore the Recruit (d. 306)
10 November – St Leo the Great of Rome (d. 461), St Justus of Rochester, England
11 November – St Martin of Tours (ca. 316-397)
12 November – St Ymar of Reculver, England (d. 830), St Lebuin of Ripon, England (d. 773)
13 November – St Abbos of Fleury (d. 1004), St Brice (d. 444), St Homobonus (d. 1197) St Columba of Cornwall, England
14 November – St Lawrence of Irekand (1128-1180)
15 November – St Albert the Great (1206-1280)
16 November – St Gertrude (d. 1302), St Margaret of Scotland (d. 1093), St Edmund Rich of Abingdon, St Alfrick of Canterbury (d. 1105)
17 November – St Gregory of Tours (539-594), St Hilda of Whitby (614-680), St Hugh of Lincoln (1140-1200)
18 November – St Odo of Cluny (879-942), St Keverne of Cornwall, England (6th Century)
19 November – St Elizabeth of Hungary (1207-1231), St Ermenberga of Minster (d.700), St Hilda, Abbess of Whitby (d. 680)
20 November – St Edmund the Martyr of Suffolk, England (d. 869), St Eval (Uval, Urfol) of Cornwall (6th Century), St Edmund Rich of Abingdon (d. 1242)
21 November – St Columbanus (ca. 543-615)
22 November – St Cecily (Cecilia) of Rome (d. ca. 230)
23 November – St Clement of Rome (d. 100)
24 November – St Crissogoni (Grisogori)
25 November – St Catherine of Alexandra (4th Century), St Alnoth of Weedon, Northamptonshire, England (d. 700)
26 November –
27 November – St James Intercisus (d. 421), St Virgil (d. 784), St Fergus of Ireland (d. 721)
28 November –
29 November – St Saturninus (d. ca. 257), St Egelwine of Athelney, Somerset, England (7th Century)
30 November – St Andrew (1st Century).

1 December – St Eligius (ca. 588-659)
2 December – St Viviana (4th Century)
3 December – St St Lucius of England (d. 200)
4 December – St Barbara (4th Century), St Osmund of Salisbury (d. 1099), St John of Damascus (d. 749)
5 December – St Crispina of Tagora (d. 304), St Sabus (439-532)
6 December – St Nicholas of Myra (d. ca. 342)
7 December – St Ambrose of Milan (ca. 340-397)
8 December – St Budo (6th Century), The Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary
9 December – St Leocadia (d. 304), St Ethelgiva of Shaftesbury, England
10 December – St Eulalia of Merida (d. ca. 304)
11 December – St Damascus (306-384), St Daniel the Stylite (408-493)
12 December – St Finnian (d. 549), St Walaric (d. 620), St Edburga of Kent (d. 751), St Agatha of England (d. 790), St Corentin (Cury) of Cornouaille, Quimper, Brittany
13 December – St Lucy of Syracuse (d. ca. 304), St Edburga of Lyminge, Kent, England (7th Century),
14 December – St Spiridon of Corfu (4th Century), St Fingar of Hoyle, Cornwall, England (5th Century)
15 December – St Maximi, St Drostan
16 December – St Adelaide (931-999)
17 December – St Olympias (ca. 368-410)
18 December – St Samthann (d. 739), St Winebald of Wessex, England (d. 761), St Mawes of Falmouth, Cornwall (6th Century)
19 December – St Nemesion (d. 250)
20 December – St Dominic of Silos (d. 1073)
21 December – St Digain of Cornwall, England (5th Century)
22 December – St Ischyrion (d. 250)
23 December – St John of Kanti (1390-1473)
24 December –
25 December – St Anastasia (d. 304), St Alburga of Wilton (d. 800), Christmas day
26 December – St Stephen (1st Century), St Tathal of St Athan’s, Gwent (6th Century)
27 December – St John (1st Century)
28 December –
29 December – St Thomas Becket of Canterbury (1117-1170)
30 December – St Egwin of Worcester (d. 717)
31 December – St Sylvester (d. 335).

Variable Dates
Plough Sunday – 1st Monday after 6 January

Plough Monday – 1st Monday after Plough Sunday, Traditional day for returning to work in the fields after Yule.

Leap Day in the Middle Ages: Leap years present a problem for the calendar of saints days. In the ancient Roman calendar introduced by Julius Caesar, which was the basis of the medieval calendar, the extra day in a leap year was inserted as the “second sixth day” before the Kalends of March — that is, the day after the 23rd day of February. This continued as a general practice in the Middle Ages. The day inserted after the 23rd was empty of saints, so the Feast of Matthew was moved from what, in a leap year, would be the 25th of February to fill the blank created by Leap Day (the 24th)

April2011 Coronation (32)

2 thoughts on “Celebrations and Saint’s Days

  1. There are patron saints for whole countries, towns, villages, etc, and even for royal households. Do you know of a list of the patron saints for cities and royal houses? ei, St. Catherine was the female patron Saint for the Sforza-Visconti dynasty, 2nd to the Virgin Mary. St. Justina of Padua for the d’Este according to the research of historian Maike Vogt-Luerssen. DS from USA

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