Bycocket and Veil in 14th Century Italy?

This combination is explored in detail by Anna Attiliani of Tacuinum Medievale. Read her full blog post here http://tacuinummedievale.blogspot.com/search/label/wimple

For a partial repost, I’d like to show you a few sources from Larsdatter of the bycocket, or “cappello a punta” (pointed hat) as Anna calls it.

 

Effects of good government bycocket
1344 Lorenzetti Good Government

 

The “pointed hat” is very common in the 14th-century hunting scenes and traveling scenes (see above) but can also be found in scenes with elegant clothing and decorated with contrasting fabrics and feathers (see below).

 

bycocket tacuinum sanitatisNouvelle acquisition latine 1673 fol 20
Tacuinum Sanitatis

 

On women it can be found in scenes while they are traveling, hunting, hawking, or horseriding (RL Pisetzky, Storia del Costume in Italia Volume II 1969 p. 118). Because of this I’ve decided that to wear it in camp, traipsing about at war on a cold day, or when arriving to an event is perfectly fine.

 

bycocket 1380 Agnolo Gaddi discovery of the True Cross
1380 Agnolo Gaddi with veil and wimple

 

The pointed hat is rarely worn alone, as it’s function was likely to protect from the cold, sun, dust, or rain. It can be seen worn with a veil and/or wimple, or just two simple pinned braids.

 

Bycocket 1340 Buffalmacco Pisa
1340 Buffalmacco with a veil and pinned braids

 

The woman below in Bartolo Fredi’s 1367 painting has on one of the only green pointed hats I’ve found. Her veil is almost transparent, which is why I assume it is silk.

 

bycocket 1367 Bartolo di Fredi Abraham and Lot
1367 Bartolo Fredi

Lastly I wanted to show this woman who wears the pointed hat while riding without a veil and has a pinned braid that we often see worn with a fillet during the same time period.

 

Good Govenment 1380 bycocket_Ambrogio_Lorenzetti
1344 Ambrogio Lorenzetti detail bycocket with braids

 

So with this evidence, I feel comfortable choosing a pointed hat of red or green with red, green, or white contrasting rim.

Thanks again to Anna Attiliani for her post with references and paintings!

 

 

SOURCES

Larsdatter Website – http://www.larsdatter.com

Tacuinum Medievale Blog (Anna Attiliani) – http://tacuinummedievale.blogspot.com/2014/12/il-cappello-punta-nellabbigliamento.html

 

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